Youth Violence is a very complicated topic, and the sites below offer insight, data, resources, and analysis of youth violence in the U.S. and various violence prevention programs.
U.S. Department of Education, 8/21/1998
Early Warning, Timely Response: A Guide to Safe Schools
This document offers research-based practices designed to assist school communities identify these warning signs early and develop prevention, intervention and crisis response plans. The guide includes sections on: Characteristics of a School that is Safe and Responsive to All Children; Early Warning Signs; Getting Help for Troubled Children; Developing a Prevention and Response Plan; Responding to Crisis; Resources; Methodology, Contributors, and Research Support.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 3/1/2000
Juvenile Justice Bulletin: Kids and Guns
This report released in March 2000 contains statistics from the mid 1980's to 1997 dealing with children and gun violence, along with other surveys, which link carrying a gun to problem behavior, and the increase in suicides involving firearms.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Preventing Youth Violence
To help prevent violence in schools, follow these tips adapted from APA's Teach Children to Resist Violence and from the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice's A Guide for Safe Schools: Early Warning, Timely Response. Also includes some statistics and additional resources.
Talking with Kids about Violence
Parents and other caring adults have a unique opportunity to talk with their children about tough issues first, before everyone else does. This site provides tips and techniques for discussing this difficult subject with kids.
Children's Defense Fund
Violence Prevention and Youth Development
The CDF provides information on gun violence, juvenile justice, media violence, school safety, prevention, and steps to promote positive youth development and reduce violence.
American Academy of Pediatrics
Violence Prevention in the Home
This brochure offers basic, but important, advice about how to prevent violence in the home.
The Christian Science Monitor, 3/12/2001
Where School Shooters Get Their Guns
As the number of school shootings continues to grow, topped by last week's tragedy in San Diego, several patterns have emerged: The shooters were often bullied. Many told classmates about their plans ahead of time. And - as in the case of alleged 15-year-old shooter Andy Williams - the vast majority got their guns from their own homes or that of a relative.
Office of the U.S. Surgeon General
Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
The youth violence epidemic is not over, as a comprehensive study of youth violence conducted by the U.S. Surgeon General concludes. The report investigates youth violence: it's causes and possible solutions.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC)
Adolescent and School Health
Part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this division provides information on the following: adolescent health risk behaviors, including violence and unintentional injury; school health policies and programs; CDC-funded programs and research activities; funding opportunities; publications; and links to other school health sites.
Peter Stringham M.D.
Adolescent Violence Prevention
This website, from an Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics at Boston University, is a collection of facts and advice that Boston teenagers, their parents, and anti-violence specialists have taught him over the years.
American Psychological Association and the National Association for the Education of Young Children
Adults and Children Together (ACT) Against Violence
This violence-prevention campaign focuses on adults who raise, care for, and teach children aged 0 to 8. Also available in Spanish, the website has advice for parents and teachers to teach nonviolent problem solving and to create positive role models for children. Links to their radio and TV ads are included as well.
Pediatrics (Journal of AAP) 107:1125-1132, 5/1/2001
Attitudes of New York City High School Students Regarding Firearm Violence
This study found that more than half of the teens surveyed said that a gun had injured either themselves or a relative. And 88 percent thought that it was fine for a child or teen to own a gun.
Authors: Kahn, Kazimi, and Mulvihill (Albert Einstein College of Medicine).
National Association of School Psychologists Communiqué 27, 9/24/2001
Attitudes toward Guns and Violence: A Neglected Factor in Youth Aggression and its Prevention
This article summarizes much of the recent research on youth violence. It looks at past prevention efforts; the Attitudes Toward Guns and Violence Questionnaire; factors in attraction to guns and violence; and implications for intervention and variables associated with violence-related attitudes.
Author: Shapiro (Center for Research, Quality Improvement and Training of Applewood Centers).
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 7/1/2001
Blueprints for Violence Prevention
This report, from the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence at the University of Colorado at Boulder, evaluates prevention and intervention programs to see if they meet a strict scientific standard of program effectiveness. There are 11 model programs outlined and critiqued.
U.S. Department of Justice
Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), a component of the Office of Justice Programs in the U.S. Department of Justice, is the United States' primary source for criminal justice statistics. BJS collects, analyzes, publishes, and disseminates information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.
North Carolina Dept. of Crime Control and Public Safety/N.C. State
Center for the Prevention of School Violence
Established in 1993, the Center serves as a primary point of contact for dealing with the problem of school violence. The Center focuses on ensuring that schools are safe and secure so that every student is able to attend a school that is free of fear and conducive to learning.
University of Colorado
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
The Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence is an organization that focuses on understanding and preventing violence. This web page contains extensive information, thorough research, and technical assistance for the evaluation and development of violence prevention programs.
National Institute of Mental Health
Child Adolescent Violence Research at the NIMH
On this webpage, the NIMH summarizes its research about risk factors, experiences, and processes that relate to the development of aggressive, antisocial, and violent behavior, including mental health problems, particularly depression and externalizing behavior, associated with childhood and adolescence.
The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Children and TV Violence
American children watch an average of three to fours hours of television daily. Television can be a powerful positive influence, but unfortunately, much of today's television programming is violent. This article contains some helpful tips parents can follow to protect their children from the effects of television violence.
Dr. Fenichel's Current Topics in Psychology
Children and Violence
This former President of the NY State Psychological Association has created an educational website that has great links to studies, teaching aids, and organizations that deal with children and violence.
Education Development Center, Inc.
Children's Safety Network National Injury and Violence Prevention Resource Center
This site provides resources and technical assistance to maternal and child health agencies and other organizations seeking to reduce unintentional injuries and violence to children and adolescents. The organization works to improve the infrastructure of injury and violence prevention programs primarily by providing technical assistance to state agencies. As a result, CSN serves a professional audience, not the general public.
Community Violence Prevention Kit
Resources are listed in this kit on building effective coalitions, techniques for conflict management, and information on peer mediation to assist in various outreach efforts.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 10/1/1996
Conflict Resolution Education
This PDF file is a 144-page report developed for educators, juvenile justice practitioners, and others in youth-serving organizations to heighten awareness of conflict resolution education and its potential to help settle disputes peacefully in a variety of settings. (Requires Adobe Reader.)
U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-97
The number of gunshot wounds from any type of crime fell nearly 40 percent during the five-year period from 1993 through 1997, according to a new comprehensive Justice Department report. The Bureau of Justice Statistics cites data from multiple sources, including its National Criminal Victimization Survey, as well as hospital emergency department intake information, death certificates, and homicide reports.
Annals of Emergency Medicine (Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians) 28:204-213, 8/1/1996
Firearm Violence Among Youth: Public Health Strategies for Prevention
In this article, the authors discuss the burden of firearm injury and its effect on children and young adults, and they outline a public health approach to firearm injury prevention.
Authors: Powell, Sheehan, and Christoffel (Northwestern University School of Medicine).
National Research Council
Firearms and Violence: A Critical Review
by The Committee on Law and Justice National Research Council
This book, for adults, discusses gun control and ownership with a critical eye. It explores the effects of firearms on violence and the effects of different violence control policies. Using conventional standards of science to examine these topics, the book assesses the strengths and weaknesses of current information, and suggests ways in which it can be improved.
Editors: Charles F. Wellford, John V. Pepper, and Carol V. Petrie
Stop The Violence, Face the Music, 1/17/2001
Get Unloaded Gun Safety and Education Campaign
The Get Unloaded Gun Safety and Education Campaign has been created by Stop the Violence, Face the Music and the Safety Ape to promote a Public Service Advertising Campaign utilizing radio, television, billboards, and print advertisements. The organization deals with gun safety.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 7/31/2001
Gun Use by Male Juveniles: Research and Prevention
Although many adolescents own and use guns for legitimate, legal sporting activities, other youth report that they own and carry guns for protection or for the purpose of committing a crime. This Bulletin draws on data from OJJDP’s Rochester Youth Development Study to examine patterns of gun ownership and gun carrying among adolescents. The Bulletin also addresses the interrelationship between gangs and guns.
Entertainment Industries Council
Gun Violence, Safety, and Injury Prevention Resource Center
The EIC provides information on gun violence, firearm safety, injury prevention, and findings about gun violence in entertainment productions as well as tip sheets containing statistical information.
In the Mix
Gun Violence: Live By The Gun, Die By The Gun
In the Mix is a show broadcasted on PBS that selects various issues and topics to discuss on a weekly basis. This summarizes the "Gun Violence: Live by the Gun, Die by the Gun" episode and offers additional links for information, surveys, and questions.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 10/1/2001
Homicides of Children and Youth
This Bulletin gives a brief statistical portrait of various facets of child and youth homicide victimization in the United States. It draws heavily on homicide data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Supplementary Homicide Reports. The report shows that homicide is the only major cause of childhood deaths that has increased over the past three decades. Full text PDF file. (Note: Report concerns ALL homicides, not just firearm homicides.)
Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 155:1364-1368, 12/1/2001
Incidence and Circumstances of Nonfatal Firearm-Related Injuries Among Children and Adolescents
A new analysis of the Firearm Injury Surveillance Study, 1993-1997, shows that 800 children per year younger than 10 years old are shot, often unintentionally, by someone they know, and there are four to five kids that sustain a nonfatal wound for each firearm fatality.
Authors: Powell, Jovtis, and Tanz (Northwestern University Medical School and Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago).
Pediatrics (Journal of AAP) 105:1313-1321, 6/5/2000
Increasing Identification of Pediatric Psychosocial Problems: 1979-1996
Children today are more likely to be diagnosed with psychological and social problems, possibly due to an increase in the number of children living in poverty and single-parent families. The overall rate of anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and developmental delays rose from 7% to nearly 19% among children aged 4 to 15 years.
Authors: Kelleher, Gardner, and Childs (University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine), McInerny and Wasserman (Pediatric Research in Office Settings, Elk Grove Village).
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Just for Youth: School Violence Resources
This page provides links to various publications and resources specifically designed for children and teens looking for Youth Violence solutions.
Connect for Kids, 3/2/2000
Kids and Guns: A Special Edition
This special edition of the Connect for Kids Weekly tells you how you can get informed and ways you can take action to protect kids from guns. You can find ideas for community organizing, resources on violence and crime prevention, and more on the Connect for Kids Web site.
Kids and Guns: The Facts
Each year, there are 34,000 gun-related deaths in the U.S. How many of those deaths are children, and has that number increased in the last few years? Researchers at familyeducation.com have collected statistics on kids and guns.
Alfred University, 8/28/2001
Lethal Violence in Schools: A National Study
This national survey of 2,017 students in grades 7-12 concludes that more than 2.5 percent of America's students could be considered dangerous, meaning they have both the propensity toward violence and the means to accomplish it. In the survey, teenagers say revenge is the strongest motivation for school shootings.
Authors: Gaughan, Cerio, and Myers (Alfred University).
National Crime Prevention Council
Making Peace -- Tips on Managing Conflict
Conflict produces stress, hurts friendships, and can cause injury and death. We can't always avoid conflict but we can learn to manage it without violence. That way, we use conflict to improve our lives and to learn from past mistakes. (Requires Adobe Reader.)
National Crime Prevention Council
Making Safer Schools
Creating a safe place where children can learn and grow depends on a partnership among students, parents, teachers, and other community institutions to prevent school violence. Here are some practical suggestions for young people, parents, school staff, and others in the community.
CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention & Control
Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools
This compendium provides a set of tools to evaluate programs to prevent youth violence. Most of the measures are intended for use with kids 12-19 years old, to assess factors such as attitudes towards violence, aggressive behavior, conflict resolution strategies, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and exposure to violence. The compendium also contains scales and assessments for use with children 5-10 years old.
The New England Journal of Medicine 341:1583-1589, 11/18/1999
Mortality among Recent Purchasers of Handguns
The purchase of a handgun is associated with a substantial increase in the risk of suicide by firearm and by any method. The increase in the risk of suicide by firearm is apparent within a week after the purchase of a handgun and persists for at least six years.
Authors: Wintemute, Parham, Beaumont, Wright, and Drake (Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis).
Mothers Against Violence in America
Founded in 1994, Mothers Against Violence in America (MAVIA) is a national nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to preventing violence by and against children through grassroots advocacy and student-driven educational programs.
National Center for Conflict Resolution Education
The National Center for Conflict Resolution Education provides training and technical assistance nationwide to advance the development of conflict resolution education programs in schools, juvenile justice settings, and youth service organizations and community partnership programs.
National Parenting Association
The National Parents Association investigates the latest Congressional action on gun legislation around the nation, gun law proposals, and evaluates what proponents and opponents of gun laws are saying.
White House Council on Youth Violence, the CDC and Federal Partners
National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center
The National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center (NYVPRC) was established as a central source of information on prevention and intervention programs, publications, research, and statistics on violence committed by and against children and teens.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
OJJDP Publications - Violence and Victimization
The Office of Juvenile and Delinquency Prevention offers a complete list of their publications dealing with violence and victimization in youth. Check out: Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs and Fighting Juvenile Gun Violence.
Partnerships Against Violence
Anti-violence information on programs, funding, curricula, and tech info, gathered from the Departments of Education, Agriculture, Justice, Defense, HHS, HUD, and Labor.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention - Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 4/1/2000
Predictors of Youth Violence
Identifying and addressing the predictors of youth violence at appropriate points in youth development is important for prevention. Unfortunately, there have been few high-quality longitudinal studies of the predictors of youth violence. This study brought 22 researchers together for 2 years to analyze current research on risk and protective factors and the development of serious and violent juvenile offending careers.
Annual Review of Public Health 19:271-292, 5/1/1998
Preventing Youth Violence: What Works?
A wide variety of programs have been implemented in an attempt to prevent youth violence or reduce its severity. Few have been adequately evaluated. This paper reviews them, and concludes, that in general, interventions applied between the prenatal period and age 6 appear to be more effective than interventions initiated in later childhood or adolescence.
Authors: Kellermann and Fuqua-Whitley (Emory Center for Injury Control), Rivara (Harborview Injury Prevention Research Center), and Mercy (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control).
Resources for Youth
Resources for Youth is a California-based public education campaign promoting increased public and private investment in programs that will prevent violence against youth and reduce firearm injuries and deaths.
The National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health, 12/1/2000
Protecting Teens: Beyond Race, Income and Family Structure (The "Add Health" Study)
This national study of adolescents has concluded that a strong predictor of gun-related violence is "easy access to guns at home." According to the study, known as Add Health, it is impossible to predict gun-related violent behavior using race, income, or family structure. Coupled with national mortality statistics and emergency room statistics, the Add Health data show that we must not be lulled into a false sense of security by believing that gun-related deaths and injuries only occur in someone else's family.
Authors: Blum, Beuhring, and Rinehart (Center For Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota).
American Psychological Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics
Raising Children to Resist Violence: What You Can Do
Research shows that violent or aggressive behavior is often learned early in life. However, parents, family members, and others who care for children can help them learn to deal with emotions without using violence. Parents and others can also take steps to reduce or minimize violence. This brochure is designed to help parents work within the family, school, and community to prevent and reduce youth violence.
A new nationwide program that is designed to give youth an alternative to making a report of someone threatening violence, or if another child is seen in possession of a weapon. The site also gives children the opportunity to report if someone is hurting them.
Educators for Social Responsibility
Resolving Conflict Creatively Program
The Resolving Conflict Creatively Program (RCCP) is a comprehensive school-based program in conflict resolution and inter-group relations that provides a model for preventing violence and creating caring and peaceable communities of learning.
U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Final Report): Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States
The Secret Service and the Department of Education studied 37 incidents of school shootings and school attacks occurring in 1974 to 2000, in an effort to see the causes of these tragedies and to explore what might be done to prevent future attacks. The report states that there is no easy solution but prevention is hopeful.
U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Threat Assessment in Schools): A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates
The Guide, designed for school personnel and law enforcement officers, details a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools. The report combines the findings from the Safe School Initiative with findings from an earlier Secret Service study on attacks of public figures and assassinations.
Connect for Kids, 4/20/2000
Safer Communities, Safer Kids
Schools are one of the safest places where kids spend their time, but fears for student safety have increased in the wake of school tragedies. As we mourn the lives lost and damaged by violence each year, we must take the opportunity to move beyond individual tragedies and reflect on ways we can strengthen our children, our families and our communities.
Journal of the American Medical Association 286:2695-2702, 12/4/2001
School-Associated Violent Deaths in the United States, 1994-1999
This study describes recent trends and features of school-associated violent deaths in the United States. It concludes that the number of violent deaths at American schools is dropping, but the rare deadly outbursts are increasingly likely to claim more than one life. The study's authors said they believed more children were somehow gaining access to handguns without supervision, allowing them to turn what might have been small acts of aggression into massacres. (Anderson, Kaufman, Simon, Barrios, Paulozzi, Ryan, Hammond, Modzeleski, Feucht, Potter, and the School- Associated Violent Deaths Study Group, The American Medical Association.)
Committee for Children
Second Step: A Violence Prevention Program
Second Step is a school-based social skills curriculum for preschool through junior high that teaches children to change the attitudes and behaviors that contribute to violence.
National Crime Prevention Council
Stopping School Violence
Addresses issues such as kids bringing weapons to school and the problems that cause violence and suggests methods to take action. Also lists resources that work to stop school violence.
Reason Public Policy Institute, 1/1/1998
Strategies to Keep Schools Safe
Improving the quality of American education is difficult without also addressing school violence, since regardless of how good the teachers or curriculum are, violence makes it difficult for students to learn. This in-depth study investigates possible strategies to reduce violence in schools.
Violence Policy Center, 11/28/2001
Study Shows Nearly One-Third of Kids Murdered with Handguns Are Shot and Killed by Other Kids
Kids in the Line of Fire: Children, Handguns, and Homicide is a first-time analysis of handgun murders of children up to age 17. The study analyzes unpublished FBI homicide data for 1995 through 1999. During this period, nearly a third (32.1 percent) of child handgun homicide victims were murdered by another child. Other findings include: an average of two children per day were murdered with handguns in the U.S. from 1995 to 1999.
Josephson Institute of Ethics 2000 Report Card: Violence and Substance Abuse, 4/2/2001
Survey Shows Teens Have Access to Weapons and Turn to Violence When Angry
The Josephson Institute of Ethics recently surveyed more than 15,000 teenagers across the nation, and their results show that today's teens, especially boys, have a high propensity to use violence when they are angry, they have easy access to guns, drugs and alcohol, and a disturbing number take weapons to school.
Southern Poverty Law Center
Teaching Tolerance is a national education project dedicated to helping teacher's foster equity, respect, and understanding in the classroom and beyond.
The Center for Mental Health Services
The CMHS received a Congressional grant "to improve mental health services for children with emotional and behavioral disorders who are at risk of violent behavior." This site provides links about youth violence and mental illness.
U.S. HHS, CDC, and others, 1/1/1992
The Prevention of Youth Violence: A Framework for Community Action
This manual is designed to reduce violence and prevent injuries and deaths from violence among youths. It includes a menu of specific activities for communities to undertake plus a framework for putting those activities effectively into place.
National Crime Prevention Council
Turning Off Media Violence
Exposing children to violence can make them less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others, more fearful of the world around them, and more willing to act aggressively. Fortunately, most media violence can be turned off.
American Journal of Public Health, 10/15/2004
Urban and Rural Intentional Firearm Deaths
This study analyzed the differences in urban and rural intentional firearm deaths, including suicide. The intent was to better discern the relative risk of intentional firearm death in urban versus rural areas.
Violent Behavior in High School Teenagers
This study indicates that most violence-related behavior in high school students has decreased. However, they also found an increased number of students who missed school because they did not feel safe enough to attend. The study provides statistics on the number of students who have been threatened or injured with a weapon at school.
APA and MTV
Warning Signs of Teen Violence
To help youth proactively address the problem of violence, APA and MTV have teamed up to provide youth with information about identifying the warning signs of violent behavior and how to get help if they recognize these signs in themselves or their peers.
Parenting With Dignity
Warning Signs: Gangs and Violence
Parenting With Dignity contends that kids telegraph signals when they are engaged in activities in which they shouldn't be involved. On this site, they offer some of those 'warning signs' and offer suggestions and practical resources to help parents help their kids make good decisions.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 11/21/1999
When Communities Try to Figure Out Causes of Violence, a Sense of Isolation Always Surfaces
Few contemporary topics are as troubling as school violence. To advance the discussion and in the search for ideas about prevention, Imagine St. Louis turned to Harriet Grazman, who has counseled hundreds of students and adults and is a former elementary school teacher in University City. Bibliography and on-line resources included at end of article.
National Safety Council
Why Teens Turn Violent: Recognize the Signs
Safety tips and advice on recognizing the signs of teen violence "before it's too late."
Partnerships Against Violence Network
Youth Violence Prevention Curricula
A very long list of curricula links, gathered from six different government databases.
Youth Violence: An Overview
This website provides a clear sense of youth violence today, which it suggests is a highly visible but preventable problem. It offers links to corresponding studies and research on violence along with links to recent facts and prevention strategies.
Families and Work Institute, 7/30/2002
Youth Violence: Students Speak Out for a More Civil Society
This report is the first study to ask a nationally representative sample of kids: "If you could make one change that would help stop the violence that young people experience today, what would that one change be?" The study found that the majority of young people experience some form of emotional and physical violence.
Please note: Common Sense and its endorsing organizations do not necessarily endorse all content stemming from the links provided in this page. All resources in these web pages are provided for information purposes only and should not be construed as professional advice. Advice and opinions on mental health and other medical issues should be obtained through consultation with a licensed and trained professional.
Safety Tips | Take Action | News | Resources | Facts | About Us
Email a friend about this website.
© 1999-2005, Common Sense about Kids and Guns, All Rights Reserved.
For reprint permission, contact us.