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This extensive list of school resources is for administrators, teachers, and parents who are looking to design or evaluate school violence prevention programs.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Important!Department of Justice School Violence Resources
A collection of links about School Violence from the Dept. of Justice's OJJDP including Facts, Publications, Research, Resources, Grants and Research.

U.S. Department of Education, 8/21/1998
Important!Early Warning, Timely Response: A Guide to Safe Schools
This document offers research-based practices designed to assist school communities identify these warning signs early and develop prevention, intervention and crisis response plans. The guide includes sections on: Characteristics of a School that is Safe and Responsive to All Children; Early Warning Signs; Getting Help for Troubled Children; Developing a Prevention and Response Plan; Responding to Crisis; Resources; Methodology, Contributors, and Research Support.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Important!Preventing Youth Violence
To help prevent violence in schools, follow these tips adapted from APA's Teach Children to Resist Violence and from the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice's A Guide for Safe Schools: Early Warning, Timely Response. Also includes some statistics and additional resources.

Important!Student Pledge against Gun Violence: October 23, 2003
The Student Pledge Against Gun Violence will be observed in schools throughout the country on October 23, 2003, a day of national concern about young people and gun violence. The pledge encourages young people to take a proactive stance in reducing gun violence.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports, 3/7/2003
Important!Study Shows that Guns in School Shootings Come from Home or Friend/Relative's Home
This study entitled, "Source of Firearms Used by Students in School-Associated Violent Deaths -- United States, 1992-1999," concludes that among the incidents for which data are available, the majority of the firearms used in school-associated violent deaths were obtained from perpetrators' homes or from friends or relatives.

The Christian Science Monitor, 3/12/2001
Important!Where School Shooters Get Their Guns
As the number of school shootings continues to grow, topped by last week's tragedy in San Diego, several patterns have emerged: The shooters were often bullied. Many told classmates about their plans ahead of time. And - as in the case of alleged 15-year-old shooter Andy Williams - the vast majority got their guns from their own homes or that of a relative.

Office of the U.S. Surgeon General
Important!Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
The youth violence epidemic is not over, as a comprehensive study of youth violence conducted by the U.S. Surgeon General concludes. The report investigates youth violence: it's causes and possible solutions.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 6/1/2000
1999 Annual Report on School Safety
The second in this series, the 1999 Report is designed to complement its predecessor by: (1) providing an updated description of the nature and extent of school violence in the United States and abroad; (2) highlighting the efforts of 54 Safe Schools/Healthy Students communities; (3) summarizing information on effective school violence prevention and related programs; (4) and noting resource sources for additional information on school safety and crime issues. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

The Washington Post, 6/25/2001
7 Ways to Cope With Bullies
This collection of articles and resources gives seven ways to cope with bullies. It provides information about bullying in schools and how it is affecting kids. For parents and teachers, the article provides early warning signs that a child might be a bully and what to do if a child you know is being bullied.

National Crime Prevention Council
A Dozen Things Students Can Do to Stop School Violence
Help stop school violence with this starter list of ideas. Some require only individual action; some require concerted effort. Some address immediate issues; others address the problems that cause violence. Consider this list a launching pad.

National Crime Prevention Council
A Dozen Things Teachers Can Do to Stop School Violence
Help stop school violence with this starter list of ideas. Some require only individual action; some require concerted effort. Some address immediate issues; others address the problems that cause violence. Consider this list a launching pad.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 8/1/2001
Addressing The Problem Of Juvenile Bullying
This report outlines bullying and how it contributed to recent school shootings and other forms of juvenile crime. The report also defines the three forms of bullying: physical, verbal, and psychological, and ends with the Bullying Prevention Program, an initiative designed to reduce bullying by intervening at the school, classroom, and individual levels. View report as a PDF file.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC)
Adolescent and School Health
Part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this division provides information on the following: adolescent health risk behaviors, including violence and unintentional injury; school health policies and programs; CDC-funded programs and research activities; funding opportunities; publications; and links to other school health sites.

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
The AACAP is the leading national professional medical association dedicated to treating and improving the quality of life for children, adolescents, and families affected by developmental, behavioral, and mental disorders. Their site provides various information about kids and guns, including their policy statement.

CNN, Updated Regularly
Are U.S. Schools Safe? A CNN Special Report
This website, started after the Columbine shooting, contains links to CNN, Time, and other stories concerning school violence and school safety.

National Association of School Psychologists Communiqué 27, 9/24/2001
Attitudes toward Guns and Violence: A Neglected Factor in Youth Aggression and its Prevention
This article summarizes much of the recent research on youth violence. It looks at past prevention efforts; the Attitudes Toward Guns and Violence Questionnaire; factors in attraction to guns and violence; and implications for intervention and variables associated with violence-related attitudes.
Author: Shapiro (Center for Research, Quality Improvement and Training of Applewood Centers).

National Crime Prevention Council
Caregivers' Guide to School Safety and Security
This downloadable brochure offers advice to parents on how to help improve school safety. Topics include Listening to Your Children, A Primer on School Safety and Security, and Advocate for and Effect Change at School. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

North Carolina Dept. of Crime Control and Public Safety/N.C. State
Center for the Prevention of School Violence
Established in 1993, the Center serves as a primary point of contact for dealing with the problem of school violence. The Center focuses on ensuring that schools are safe and secure so that every student is able to attend a school that is free of fear and conducive to learning.

Dr. Fenichel's Current Topics in Psychology
Children and Violence
This former President of the NY State Psychological Association has created an educational website that has great links to studies, teaching aids, and organizations that deal with children and violence.

Alliance for Justice
Coaches Against Gun Violence
This program believes that coaches are perfectly suited to spread the message of gun safety since they are at the core of the high school community, and sporting events bring communities together and foster healthy, positive relationships among students.

National PTA
Community Violence Prevention Kit
Resources are listed in this kit on building effective coalitions, techniques for conflict management, and information on peer mediation to assist in various outreach efforts.

U.S. Department of Education, 9/1/1996
Creating Safe and Drug-Free Schools: An Action Guide
This Action Guide begins with action steps for schools, parents, students, and community and business groups. Next, it provides information briefs on specific issues affecting school safety. Other sections contain research and evaluation findings, a list of resources, and additional readings. This information is all designed to help school and community leaders, parents, and students develop a strategy to ensure safe schools in their communities.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 6/1/2001
Creating Safe Schools: A Comprehensive Approach
This study provides insight into just how safe children are at school. The study also lists ways that teachers, parents, and students can make their school a better and safer place to learn.

U.S. Department of Education
Educational Resources on School Violence
The Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) is a national information system designed to provide users with ready access to an extensive body of education-related literature. This link brings you to their list of School Violence resources.

International Association of Chiefs of Police
Guide for Preventing and Responding to School Violence
The purpose of this document is to present different strategies and approaches for members of school communities to consider when creating safer learning environments.

Hamilton Fish Institute
The Institute, with assistance from Congress, was founded in 1997 to serve as a national resource to test the effectiveness of school violence prevention methods and to develop more effective strategies. The Institute's goal is to determine what works and what can be replicated to reduce violence in America's schools and their immediate communities.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
In the Spotlight: School Safety
This special webpage from NCJRS focuses on a variety of topics related to school safety including sections on Facts & Figures, Publications, Grants & Funding Programs, and Training & Technical Assistance. The Spotlight also looks at bullying, conflict resolution, predictors of youth violence, and assessments of safe schools.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs
This Bulletin recommends a comprehensive, collaborative approach that involves students, parents, and school officials in an effective school-based accountability program. The bulletin delineates the steps essential to successful program implementation and provides examples of promising programs and best practices.

U.S. Departments of Justice and Education, 10/26/2000
Indicators of School Crime and Safety 2000
A joint effort by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics, the report examines crime occurring in school as well as on the way to and from school. Data for crime away from school are also presented to place school crime in the context of crime in the larger society. The report provides the most current detailed statistical information to inform the Nation on the nature of crime in schools.

NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, 4/22/1999
Keeping Kids Safe
A discussion with 4 award-winning teachers on ways to help troubled teens.

Alfred University, 8/28/2001
Lethal Violence in Schools: A National Study
This national survey of 2,017 students in grades 7-12 concludes that more than 2.5 percent of America's students could be considered dangerous, meaning they have both the propensity toward violence and the means to accomplish it. In the survey, teenagers say revenge is the strongest motivation for school shootings.
Authors: Gaughan, Cerio, and Myers (Alfred University).

National Crime Prevention Council
Making Safer Schools
Creating a safe place where children can learn and grow depends on a partnership among students, parents, teachers, and other community institutions to prevent school violence. Here are some practical suggestions for young people, parents, school staff, and others in the community.

National Alliance for Safe Schools
Founded in 1977 by a group of school security directors, the National Alliance for Safe Schools was established to provide training, technical assistance, and publications to school districts interested in reducing school based crime and violence.

National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)
The mission NASP is to promote educationally and psychologically healthy environments for children by implementing research-based programs that prevent problems, enhance independence, and promote optimal learning. This is accomplished through state-of-the-art research and training, advocacy, ongoing program evaluation, and caring professional service.

National Center for Conflict Resolution Education
The National Center for Conflict Resolution Education provides training and technical assistance nationwide to advance the development of conflict resolution education programs in schools, juvenile justice settings, and youth service organizations and community partnership programs.

National Institute for School and Workplace Safety
NISWS is a Florida-based national consulting company specializing in school and workplace safety. They have been helping schools nationwide to implement successful safety procedures.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory
National Resource Center for Safe Schools
The National Resource Center for Safe Schools works with schools, communities, state and local education agencies, and other concerned individuals and agencies to create safe learning environments and prevent school violence.

National School Safety Center
An independent non-profit organization established by presidential directive in 1984. The website addresses a range of school safety issues, including statistics on school violence and solutions.

Hamilton Fish Institute, 9/18/2000
Report Finds Thousands of Incidents of Guns at School Are Not Reported
Thousands of students tote guns in America's classrooms every day, but few of those youths ever get caught, according to a new study. The report, prepared by the nonprofit Hamilton Fish Institute, determined that what students say about guns and other weapons in schools bears little resemblance to what administrators report. There are as many as 100 times as many guns in U.S. schools than are reported to the federal government. (Requires Adobe Reader.)
A new nationwide program that is designed to give youth an alternative to making a report of someone threatening violence, or if another child is seen in possession of a weapon. The site also gives children the opportunity to report if someone is hurting them.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 5/5/2003
Safe and Secure: Guides to Creating Safer Schools
NWREL has developed a series of eight guidebooks, written in collaboration with leading experts, that provide local school districts with information and resources to assist them in developing a comprehensive strategy to create a safe learning environment. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Final Report): Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States
The Secret Service and the Department of Education studied 37 incidents of school shootings and school attacks occurring in 1974 to 2000, in an effort to see the causes of these tragedies and to explore what might be done to prevent future attacks. The report states that there is no easy solution but prevention is hopeful.

U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Threat Assessment in Schools): A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates
The Guide, designed for school personnel and law enforcement officers, details a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools. The report combines the findings from the Safe School Initiative with findings from an earlier Secret Service study on attacks of public figures and assassinations.

Connect for Kids, 4/20/2000
Safer Communities, Safer Kids
Schools are one of the safest places where kids spend their time, but fears for student safety have increased in the wake of school tragedies. As we mourn the lives lost and damaged by violence each year, we must take the opportunity to move beyond individual tragedies and reflect on ways we can strengthen our children, our families and our communities.

Justice Policy Institute/Children's Law Center, 4/15/2000
School House Hype: Two Years Later
Despite the fact that there was a 40% decline in school-associated violent deaths between school years 1997-8 and 1998-9 (from 43 to 26), the number of Americans who were fearful of violence in their schools rose nearly 50% during that same period. This report will place the question of school violence and its accompanying reactions in a larger statistical and legal context. The report compares the real risks kids face in schools to the distorted image echoed in opinion polls and reported by the media.

National School Safety and Security Services
School Safety and Security, Gang, and Associated Resources
Site provides links to the latest information on school safety and security, gangs, and related issues. Includes educational as well as crime related informational links.

Journal of the American Medical Association 286:2695-2702, 12/4/2001
School-Associated Violent Deaths in the United States, 1994-1999
This study describes recent trends and features of school-associated violent deaths in the United States. It concludes that the number of violent deaths at American schools is dropping, but the rare deadly outbursts are increasingly likely to claim more than one life. The study's authors said they believed more children were somehow gaining access to handguns without supervision, allowing them to turn what might have been small acts of aggression into massacres. (Anderson, Kaufman, Simon, Barrios, Paulozzi, Ryan, Hammond, Modzeleski, Feucht, Potter, and the School- Associated Violent Deaths Study Group, The American Medical Association.)

National Crime Prevention Council
Stopping School Violence
Addresses issues such as kids bringing weapons to school and the problems that cause violence and suggests methods to take action. Also lists resources that work to stop school violence.

Reason Public Policy Institute, 1/1/1998
Strategies to Keep Schools Safe
Improving the quality of American education is difficult without also addressing school violence, since regardless of how good the teachers or curriculum are, violence makes it difficult for students to learn. This in-depth study investigates possible strategies to reduce violence in schools.

Northern County Psychiatric Associates, 1/17/2001
Suicide and the School
An informative website from a group of psychiatrists that offers recognition and intervention for suicidal students in the school setting.

Josephson Institute of Ethics 2000 Report Card: Violence and Substance Abuse, 4/2/2001
Survey Shows Teens Have Access to Weapons and Turn to Violence When Angry
The Josephson Institute of Ethics recently surveyed more than 15,000 teenagers across the nation, and their results show that today's teens, especially boys, have a high propensity to use violence when they are angry, they have easy access to guns, drugs and alcohol, and a disturbing number take weapons to school.

New!The National Association of School Resource Officers
NASRO is a not-for-profit organization for school based law enforcement officers, school administrators, and school security/safety professionals working as partners to protect students, faculty, staff, and the schools they attend.

USA Today, 4/4/2000
USA Today Puts Together List of Violence in Schools
USA Today compiles a list of school violence since 1993 taken from news accounts, the National School Safety Center, the Center for Disease Control, and staff reports.

Healthy Kids
Violence in Schools: Explaining Tragedy
Advice on how to talk to kids about violence in schools.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 11/21/1999
When Communities Try to Figure Out Causes of Violence, a Sense of Isolation Always Surfaces
Few contemporary topics are as troubling as school violence. To advance the discussion and in the search for ideas about prevention, Imagine St. Louis turned to Harriet Grazman, who has counseled hundreds of students and adults and is a former elementary school teacher in University City. Bibliography and on-line resources included at end of article.

Urban Education Web
Youth Violence: Resources for Schools, Parents, and Teachers
A list of Internet sites that offer resources on youth violence for school administrators, teachers, and parents. (Note: Some are dated.)

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