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Gun Injury and Mortality
The links below are reports, studies, and websites providing research and statistics on gun injuries and deaths, as well as some solutions to help prevent them.

Journal of Trauma 52:267-275, 2/1/2002
Important!Firearm Availability and Unintentional Firearm Deaths, Suicide, and Homicide among 5-14 Year Olds
This study setout to correlate firearm deaths among children with levels of gun ownership by state. It concludes that a disproportionately high number of 5-14 year olds died from suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths in states and regions where guns were more prevalent. (For first visit, click on "February 2002" and then scroll down to Original Articles.)
Authors: Miller, Azrael, and Hemenway (Harvard School of Public Health).

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 3/1/2000
Important!Juvenile Justice Bulletin: Kids and Guns
This report released in March 2000 contains statistics from the mid 1980's to 1997 dealing with children and gun violence, along with other surveys, which link carrying a gun to problem behavior, and the increase in suicides involving firearms.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports 48:1029-1034, 11/19/1999
Important!Nonfatal and Fatal Firearm-Related Injuries -- U.S., 1993-1997
In 1997, 32,436 deaths resulted from firearm- related injuries, making such injuries the second leading cause of mortality in the United States after motor-vehicle-related incidents. This report presents national data from 1993 through 1997, which shows that the decline in nonfatal and fatal firearm-related injury rates was substantial and consistent by sex, race/ethnicity, age, and intent of injury.

Newsweek, 8/18/1999
America Under the Gun: The New Age of Anxiety
This Newsweek cover story includes results of a Newsweek poll as well as links to articles on school violence, mortality figures, and Americans' attitudes toward guns.

American College of Emergency Physicians
Among their many initiatives, the American College of Emergency Physicians seeks to educate the public on injury prevention. When it comes to firearms and kids, ACEP advocates that the most important thing parents can do to protect the health of their children is to practice injury prevention. Preventable injuries are the leading cause of childhood death and permanent injury.

Reports of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 7/18/2003
America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2003
This seventh annual synthesis of information on the status of America's children presents 25 key indicators of the well-being of children taken from official Federal statistics covering children’s economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education.

Daily Southtown (Chicago), 4/24/2000
Chicago Report Supports National Study on Guns, Kids and Suicide
More than half the child suicides committed in Cook County in the last 16 years have been carried out with firearms, an ongoing study shows. The compilation of child suicide statistics reflects the findings of a similar study recently released by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Children's Defense Fund, 1/31/2005
New!Children's Defense Fund 2005 Report on Children Dying from Gunfire in America
Summarizing the 2002 CDC Mortality Numbers, the Children's Defense Fund put out this detailed analysis of the data, with additional resources and suggestions for action. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

The HELP Network, 4/16/2004
Defining a Medical Standard of Care for Gun Injury Prevention
This conference will consolidate progress from the past decade of gun injury prevention work and promote national consensus regarding a medical standard of care. This is an educational event designed especially for physicians, but other interested health professionals and advocates are welcome.

Doctors Against Handgun Injury
Doctors Against Handgun Injury (DAHI) is a coalition of eleven clinical and professional medical societies, organized and sponsored by the New York Academy of Medicine that seeks to bring their collective experience and expertise as physicians to bear on the problem of handgun injury.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Fatal Firearm Injuries in the United States, 1962-1994
During the 33-year period covered by this report, the annual number of firearm deaths increased by 130%, from 16,720 in 1962 to 38,505 in 1994. If present trends continue, firearm-related injuries could become the leading cause of deaths attributed to injury by the year 2003, surpassing injuries due to motor vehicle crashes.

U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-97
The number of gunshot wounds from any type of crime fell nearly 40 percent during the five-year period from 1993 through 1997, according to a new comprehensive Justice Department report. The Bureau of Justice Statistics cites data from multiple sources, including its National Criminal Victimization Survey, as well as hospital emergency department intake information, death certificates, and homicide reports.

Physicians for Social Responsibility
Firearms Bibliography
An extensive collection of articles relating to firearms, firearm violence, guns in the home, and women and guns.

Pediatrics (Journal of AAP) 111:741-744, 4/1/2003
Florida Study Says Accidental Gun Deaths Are Underreported
This study, "Are 'Accidental' Gun Deaths as Rare as They Seem? A Comparison of Medical Examiner Manner of Death Coding With an Intent-Based Classification Approach," done in one Florida county, finds that when intent is accounted for, the number of unintended firearm related deaths among youngsters increases six-fold.
Authors: Schaechter, Duran, De Marchena, Lemard, and Villar (University of Miami School of Medicine).

Common Sense about Kids and Guns, 10/11/2000
Gun Accidents, Suicides Increase Among Kids
Though overall firearm deaths are down nationwide, an analysis of gun accidents and suicides among kids shows that within certain age groups there were startling increases. The greatest increases were among 5-9 year olds, where the number of accidental firearm deaths increased 21% and among 10-14 year olds, where there was a 21% increase in the number of firearm suicides.

Journal of the American Medical Association 283:1193-1195 (free registration required), 3/1/2000
Gun Carrying and Homicide Prevention
This article summarizes recent research on the connection between various laws and gun use, including the effect of concealment laws.
Author: Sherman (University of Pennsylvania Department of Sociology and Fels Center of Government).

In the Mix
Gun Violence: Live By The Gun, Die By The Gun
In the Mix is a show broadcasted on PBS that selects various issues and topics to discuss on a weekly basis. This summarizes the "Gun Violence: Live by the Gun, Die by the Gun" episode and offers additional links for information, surveys, and questions.

The New York Times (free registration required), 10/17/1999
Guns Used More for Suicide than Homicide
The New York Times summarizes the 1997 National Vital Statistics Report and concludes: With the homicide rate down sharply since the early 1990s, the number of Americans who commit suicide with guns each year now far surpasses those who are killed by others with firearms, government statistics show.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 10/1/2001
Homicides of Children and Youth
This Bulletin gives a brief statistical portrait of various facets of child and youth homicide victimization in the United States. It draws heavily on homicide data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Supplementary Homicide Reports. The report shows that homicide is the only major cause of childhood deaths that has increased over the past three decades. Full text PDF file. (Note: Report concerns ALL homicides, not just firearm homicides.)

Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 155:1364-1368, 12/1/2001
Incidence and Circumstances of Nonfatal Firearm-Related Injuries Among Children and Adolescents
A new analysis of the Firearm Injury Surveillance Study, 1993-1997, shows that 800 children per year younger than 10 years old are shot, often unintentionally, by someone they know, and there are four to five kids that sustain a nonfatal wound for each firearm fatality.
Authors: Powell, Jovtis, and Tanz (Northwestern University Medical School and Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago).
Kids and Guns: The Facts
Each year, there are 34,000 gun-related deaths in the U.S. How many of those deaths are children, and has that number increased in the last few years? Researchers at have collected statistics on kids and guns.

The New England Journal of Medicine 341:1583-1589, 11/18/1999
Mortality among Recent Purchasers of Handguns
The purchase of a handgun is associated with a substantial increase in the risk of suicide by firearm and by any method. The increase in the risk of suicide by firearm is apparent within a week after the purchase of a handgun and persists for at least six years.
Authors: Wintemute, Parham, Beaumont, Wright, and Drake (Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis).

The HELP Network, 10/27/2002
Nonfatal Gun Injuries: The Untold Story
The 2002 HELP Network conference focused on the personal and societal costs of treatment and rehabilitation, as well as strategies for prevention.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports, 2/7/1997
Rates of Homicide, Suicide, and Firearm-Related Death Among Children -- 26 Industrialized Countries
In February 1997, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released an "international scorecard" of youth violence. The study found, among other things, that the U.S. has the highest rates of childhood homicide, suicide, and firearm- related death among industrialized countries.

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 153:875-878, 8/1/1999
Self-inflicted and Unintentional Firearm Injuries Among Children and Adolescents
Examining firearm ownership in 98 cases over five years of youths aged 0-19 years who sought medical treatment for a self-inflicted or unintentional firearm injury or who presented to the county medical examiner with a fatal self- inflicted or unintentional firearm injury. The study concludes that more than 75% of the guns used in suicide attempts and unintentional injuries were stored in the residence of the victim, a relative, or a friend. (Grossman, Reay, and Baker, Harborview Injury Prevention Center.)

Violence Policy Center, 11/28/2001
Study Shows Nearly One-Third of Kids Murdered with Handguns Are Shot and Killed by Other Kids
Kids in the Line of Fire: Children, Handguns, and Homicide is a first-time analysis of handgun murders of children up to age 17. The study analyzes unpublished FBI homicide data for 1995 through 1999. During this period, nearly a third (32.1 percent) of child handgun homicide victims were murdered by another child. Other findings include: an average of two children per day were murdered with handguns in the U.S. from 1995 to 1999.

Center For Disease Control and Prevention
Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Firearm-Related Injuries --- United States, 1993--1998
The CDC recently published a study on firearm- related injuries. Included in their findings: both fatal and nonfatal firearm-related injury rates were highest among persons aged 15--24 years; for persons older than 14 years, unintentional injury accounts for approximately 40% of nonfatal firearm-related injuries; and 20% of all non fatal firearm-related injuries were reported to occur in the home.

The HELP Network
This international network of medical and allied organizations works to reduce death, disability and suffering caused by handguns and other firearms by promoting established public health approaches and by serving as a catalyst for a network of professional organizations.

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Please note: Common Sense and its endorsing organizations do not necessarily endorse all content stemming from the links provided in this page. All resources in these web pages are provided for information purposes only and should not be construed as professional advice. Advice and opinions on mental health and other medical issues should be obtained through consultation with a licensed and trained professional.

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