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Federal Resources
Various Federal agencies deal with issues around violence prevention, gun storage, and child safety. Below are links from the Departments of Justice, Education, and HHS, as well as the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs (OJJDP) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), among others.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Important!Department of Justice School Violence Resources
A collection of links about School Violence from the Dept. of Justice's OJJDP including Facts, Publications, Research, Resources, Grants and Research.

U.S. Department of Education, 8/21/1998
Important!Early Warning, Timely Response: A Guide to Safe Schools
This document offers research-based practices designed to assist school communities identify these warning signs early and develop prevention, intervention and crisis response plans. The guide includes sections on: Characteristics of a School that is Safe and Responsive to All Children; Early Warning Signs; Getting Help for Troubled Children; Developing a Prevention and Response Plan; Responding to Crisis; Resources; Methodology, Contributors, and Research Support.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 3/1/2000
Important!Juvenile Justice Bulletin: Kids and Guns
This report released in March 2000 contains statistics from the mid 1980's to 1997 dealing with children and gun violence, along with other surveys, which link carrying a gun to problem behavior, and the increase in suicides involving firearms.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports 48:1029-1034, 11/19/1999
Important!Nonfatal and Fatal Firearm-Related Injuries -- U.S., 1993-1997
In 1997, 32,436 deaths resulted from firearm- related injuries, making such injuries the second leading cause of mortality in the United States after motor-vehicle-related incidents. This report presents national data from 1993 through 1997, which shows that the decline in nonfatal and fatal firearm-related injury rates was substantial and consistent by sex, race/ethnicity, age, and intent of injury.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports, 3/7/2003
Important!Study Shows that Guns in School Shootings Come from Home or Friend/Relative's Home
This study entitled, "Source of Firearms Used by Students in School-Associated Violent Deaths -- United States, 1992-1999," concludes that among the incidents for which data are available, the majority of the firearms used in school-associated violent deaths were obtained from perpetrators' homes or from friends or relatives.

Office of the U.S. Surgeon General
Important!Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
The youth violence epidemic is not over, as a comprehensive study of youth violence conducted by the U.S. Surgeon General concludes. The report investigates youth violence: it's causes and possible solutions.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 6/1/2000
1999 Annual Report on School Safety
The second in this series, the 1999 Report is designed to complement its predecessor by: (1) providing an updated description of the nature and extent of school violence in the United States and abroad; (2) highlighting the efforts of 54 Safe Schools/Healthy Students communities; (3) summarizing information on effective school violence prevention and related programs; (4) and noting resource sources for additional information on school safety and crime issues. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 8/1/2001
Addressing The Problem Of Juvenile Bullying
This report outlines bullying and how it contributed to recent school shootings and other forms of juvenile crime. The report also defines the three forms of bullying: physical, verbal, and psychological, and ends with the Bullying Prevention Program, an initiative designed to reduce bullying by intervening at the school, classroom, and individual levels. View report as a PDF file.

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC)
Adolescent and School Health
Part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this division provides information on the following: adolescent health risk behaviors, including violence and unintentional injury; school health policies and programs; CDC-funded programs and research activities; funding opportunities; publications; and links to other school health sites.

Reports of the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, 7/18/2003
America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2003
This seventh annual synthesis of information on the status of America's children presents 25 key indicators of the well-being of children taken from official Federal statistics covering children’s economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 7/1/2001
Blueprints for Violence Prevention
This report, from the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence at the University of Colorado at Boulder, evaluates prevention and intervention programs to see if they meet a strict scientific standard of program effectiveness. There are 11 model programs outlined and critiqued.

U.S. Department of Justice
Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), a component of the Office of Justice Programs in the U.S. Department of Justice, is the United States' primary source for criminal justice statistics. BJS collects, analyzes, publishes, and disseminates information on crime, criminal offenders, victims of crime, and the operation of justice systems at all levels of government.

National Institute of Mental Health
Child Adolescent Violence Research at the NIMH
On this webpage, the NIMH summarizes its research about risk factors, experiences, and processes that relate to the development of aggressive, antisocial, and violent behavior, including mental health problems, particularly depression and externalizing behavior, associated with childhood and adolescence.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 10/1/1996
Conflict Resolution Education
This PDF file is a 144-page report developed for educators, juvenile justice practitioners, and others in youth-serving organizations to heighten awareness of conflict resolution education and its potential to help settle disputes peacefully in a variety of settings. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

U.S. Department of Education, 9/1/1996
Creating Safe and Drug-Free Schools: An Action Guide
This Action Guide begins with action steps for schools, parents, students, and community and business groups. Next, it provides information briefs on specific issues affecting school safety. Other sections contain research and evaluation findings, a list of resources, and additional readings. This information is all designed to help school and community leaders, parents, and students develop a strategy to ensure safe schools in their communities.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 6/1/2001
Creating Safe Schools: A Comprehensive Approach
This study provides insight into just how safe children are at school. The study also lists ways that teachers, parents, and students can make their school a better and safer place to learn.

U.S. Department of Education
Educational Resources on School Violence
The Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) is a national information system designed to provide users with ready access to an extensive body of education-related literature. This link brings you to their list of School Violence resources.

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Fatal Firearm Injuries in the United States, 1962-1994
During the 33-year period covered by this report, the annual number of firearm deaths increased by 130%, from 16,720 in 1962 to 38,505 in 1994. If present trends continue, firearm-related injuries could become the leading cause of deaths attributed to injury by the year 2003, surpassing injuries due to motor vehicle crashes.

U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-97
The number of gunshot wounds from any type of crime fell nearly 40 percent during the five-year period from 1993 through 1997, according to a new comprehensive Justice Department report. The Bureau of Justice Statistics cites data from multiple sources, including its National Criminal Victimization Survey, as well as hospital emergency department intake information, death certificates, and homicide reports.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 7/31/2001
Gun Use by Male Juveniles: Research and Prevention
Although many adolescents own and use guns for legitimate, legal sporting activities, other youth report that they own and carry guns for protection or for the purpose of committing a crime. This Bulletin draws on data from OJJDP’s Rochester Youth Development Study to examine patterns of gun ownership and gun carrying among adolescents. The Bulletin also addresses the interrelationship between gangs and guns.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 10/1/2001
Homicides of Children and Youth
This Bulletin gives a brief statistical portrait of various facets of child and youth homicide victimization in the United States. It draws heavily on homicide data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Supplementary Homicide Reports. The report shows that homicide is the only major cause of childhood deaths that has increased over the past three decades. Full text PDF file. (Note: Report concerns ALL homicides, not just firearm homicides.)

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
In the Spotlight: School Safety
This special webpage from NCJRS focuses on a variety of topics related to school safety including sections on Facts & Figures, Publications, Grants & Funding Programs, and Training & Technical Assistance. The Spotlight also looks at bullying, conflict resolution, predictors of youth violence, and assessments of safe schools.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs
This Bulletin recommends a comprehensive, collaborative approach that involves students, parents, and school officials in an effective school-based accountability program. The bulletin delineates the steps essential to successful program implementation and provides examples of promising programs and best practices.

U.S. Departments of Justice and Education, 10/26/2000
Indicators of School Crime and Safety 2000
A joint effort by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics, the report examines crime occurring in school as well as on the way to and from school. Data for crime away from school are also presented to place school crime in the context of crime in the larger society. The report provides the most current detailed statistical information to inform the Nation on the nature of crime in schools.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Just for Youth: School Violence Resources
This page provides links to various publications and resources specifically designed for children and teens looking for Youth Violence solutions.

U.S. Department of Justice
Justice for Kids and Youth
From the Department of Justice, a site for children, parents, and teachers on law enforcement issues including a special section on "hateful acts hurt."

CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention & Control
Measuring Violence-Related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors Among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools
This compendium provides a set of tools to evaluate programs to prevent youth violence. Most of the measures are intended for use with kids 12-19 years old, to assess factors such as attitudes towards violence, aggressive behavior, conflict resolution strategies, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and exposure to violence. The compendium also contains scales and assessments for use with children 5-10 years old.

White House Council on Youth Violence, the CDC and Federal Partners
National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center
The National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center (NYVPRC) was established as a central source of information on prevention and intervention programs, publications, research, and statistics on violence committed by and against children and teens.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
OJJDP Publications - Violence and Victimization
The Office of Juvenile and Delinquency Prevention offers a complete list of their publications dealing with violence and victimization in youth. Check out: Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs and Fighting Juvenile Gun Violence.

Children's Memorial Hospital
Parent Advice Line
Children's Memorial Hospital offers a parental advice line. This free 24-hour resource for families is designed to help with any and all childhood health issues. This website also provides a link to childhood health topics for parents.

Partnerships Against Violence
Anti-violence information on programs, funding, curricula, and tech info, gathered from the Departments of Education, Agriculture, Justice, Defense, HHS, HUD, and Labor.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention - Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 4/1/2000
Predictors of Youth Violence
Identifying and addressing the predictors of youth violence at appropriate points in youth development is important for prevention. Unfortunately, there have been few high-quality longitudinal studies of the predictors of youth violence. This study brought 22 researchers together for 2 years to analyze current research on risk and protective factors and the development of serious and violent juvenile offending careers.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports, 2/7/1997
Rates of Homicide, Suicide, and Firearm-Related Death Among Children -- 26 Industrialized Countries
In February 1997, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released an "international scorecard" of youth violence. The study found, among other things, that the U.S. has the highest rates of childhood homicide, suicide, and firearm- related death among industrialized countries.

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 5/5/2003
Safe and Secure: Guides to Creating Safer Schools
NWREL has developed a series of eight guidebooks, written in collaboration with leading experts, that provide local school districts with information and resources to assist them in developing a comprehensive strategy to create a safe learning environment. (Requires Adobe Reader.)

U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Final Report): Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States
The Secret Service and the Department of Education studied 37 incidents of school shootings and school attacks occurring in 1974 to 2000, in an effort to see the causes of these tragedies and to explore what might be done to prevent future attacks. The report states that there is no easy solution but prevention is hopeful.

U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education, 5/1/2002
Safe School Initiative (Threat Assessment in Schools): A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates
The Guide, designed for school personnel and law enforcement officers, details a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools. The report combines the findings from the Safe School Initiative with findings from an earlier Secret Service study on attacks of public figures and assassinations.

CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Reports, 4/21/1995
Suicide Among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults -- U.S., 1980-1992
This study provides an analysis of data from the CDC revealing disturbing trends in the frequency of youth and young adult suicide in the US. There was a dramatic increase of suicides from kids 19 and under. This increase was seen in almost all groups, regardless of race and gender. Firearm-related suicides also increased, accounting for almost 65% of suicides among those under 25 in 1992.

U.S. Surgeon General, 5/2/2001
Surgeon General Releases National Strategy for Suicide Prevention
The U.S. Surgeon General along with a coalition of public and private groups, unveiled a national blueprint of goals and objectives to prevent suicide, the eighth leading cause of death in the United States. The goals and objectives are part of an ongoing effort to develop a National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.

Center For Disease Control and Prevention
Surveillance for Fatal and Nonfatal Firearm-Related Injuries --- United States, 1993--1998
The CDC recently published a study on firearm- related injuries. Included in their findings: both fatal and nonfatal firearm-related injury rates were highest among persons aged 15--24 years; for persons older than 14 years, unintentional injury accounts for approximately 40% of nonfatal firearm-related injuries; and 20% of all non fatal firearm-related injuries were reported to occur in the home.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 6/1/2000
The Incredible Years Training Series
A growing number of children are experiencing conduct problems—aggression, noncompliance, and defiance—and at earlier ages The Incredible Years Parents, Teachers, and Children Training Series, described in this Bulletin, is designed to prevent, reduce, and treat conduct problems among children ages 2 to 10 and to increase their social competence.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA), 7/14/2002
The NHSDA Report: Substance Use and the Risk of Suicide Among Youths
This report, based on the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, estimates that 3 million American youth aged 12 to 17 thought about or tried to commit suicide in 2000. Of the nearly 3 million youth aged 12 to 17 who thought about suicide during 2000, 37 percent actually tried to kill themselves.

U.S. HHS, CDC, and others, 1/1/1992
The Prevention of Youth Violence: A Framework for Community Action
This manual is designed to reduce violence and prevent injuries and deaths from violence among youths. It includes a menu of specific activities for communities to undertake plus a framework for putting those activities effectively into place.

HHS, CDC, NCIPC, and the Public Health Service, 9/1/1992
Youth Suicide Prevention Programs: A Resource Guide
This resource guide was developed to describe the rationale and evidence for the effectiveness of various youth suicide prevention strategies and to identify model programs that incorporate these different strategies. The guide is for use by persons who are interested in developing or augmenting suicide prevention programs in their own communities.

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Please note: Common Sense and its endorsing organizations do not necessarily endorse all content stemming from the links provided in this page. All resources in these web pages are provided for information purposes only and should not be construed as professional advice. Advice and opinions on mental health and other medical issues should be obtained through consultation with a licensed and trained professional.

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